Gum Disease, more formally knowns as Periodontal Disease, is an infection in your gum tissue or gingiva. This infection is caused by bacteria building up and around the gums. Your dental hygienist may refer to it as plaque buildup.
Gum disease is one of the top reasons for tooth loss in adults. Since it is virtually pain-free, many people do not know they have gum disease. A key sign of its silent progress is bleeding gums when you brush and floss.
GINGIVITIS is the early stage of gum disease. At this point symptoms can include redness, swelling and even bleeding. This is easily treatable and can be eliminated by daily flossing and brushing your teeth.
PERIODONTITIS is next stage of gum disease. As the plaque containing bacteria builds up around the teeth, toxins spread below the gum line forcing the gums to let go of the teeth. This causes pockets between the teeth and gums. As the pockets get deeper, bacteria begin to destroy the bone supporting the teeth. These teeth will eventually become so loose the will need to be removed or extracted.
At our office, our hygienists will show you proper oral hygiene to decrease the chance of this progressive disease. If you do have later stages of gum disease they will suggest periodontal therapy. This will include more thorough cleanings, more often. In some cases, they will utilize our CO2 Laser to sterilize the infected pockets. When used in conjunction with our periodontal therapy program, the CO2 Laser will stimulate your body’s immune system, thus encouraging the growth of new bone. This, in turn, will reduce the pocket depth around the gums.